How much alcohol is considered moderate drinking?

Neal Spruce
Neal Spruce on behalf of dotFIT
Fitness Specialist

Moderate drinking as it relates to alcohol consumption is considered 2 drinks/day for men; 1 for women. One drink contains 14 grams of alcohol meaning: one 12 oz beer (5 percent alcohol), one 5 oz glass of wine (12 percent) and one 1.5 oz of hard liquor (40 percent or 80 proof) are each one drink. It does appear that alcohol itself, and not the source, is responsible for the associated health benefits. Benefits of moderate alcohol consumption: reduced risk of heart attack and stroke; increases HDL (good cholesterol) and reduces blood clotting, which is probably the reason for a reduction on heart attacks and strokes. Additionally, just recently moderate alcohol consumption was connected to a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, gallstones and cognitive decline. The down side is that moderate drinking was recently associated with increased risk of breast cancer in women. Additionally, it can lead to excessive drinking. So keep it moderate or don’t drink.*

*Although high consumption of alcohol (2-3 times more than moderate) was still associated with a reduction in heart disease, drinking more than 2-4 drinks daily dramatically increases the risks of consuming more, which not only will negate any benefits, but will also lead to disease and danger to others.

The U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans define moderate drinking as up to one drink a day for women or up to two drinks a day for men. Youth younger than the minimum legal drinking age of 21 and women who are pregnant or may be pregnant should not drink at all. It is not recommended that anyone begin drinking alcohol or drink more frequently on the basis of potential health benefits.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.