SCAI

Our Mission

Did you know Cardiovascular Disease is the #1 cause of death in the U.S.? Members of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) are the world's foremost authorities in treating cardiovascular disease. SCAI supports the fight against cardiovascular disease by advancing patient care in invasive and interventional cardiovascular medicine through patient/physician education including its comprehensive patient education website, http://www.seconds-count.org.

Activity

  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What are the symptoms of Ebstein's malformation (or Ebstein's anomaly)?

    Ebstein’s malformation (also known as Ebstein’s anomaly) is caused by an abnormally formed tricuspid valve, the gateway that allows blood to flow from the top right chamber of the heart (the atrium) to the lower right heart chamber (the ventricle). When the tricuspid valve is malformed, insufficient...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    When do symptoms of Ebstein's malformation (or Ebstein's anomaly) appear?

    Ebstein's malformation (also known as Ebstein’s anomaly) has a very broad spectrum of symptoms and can be identified at any point between infancy and adulthood. A newborn with Ebstein’s malformation is profoundly ill and has a bluish skin tone indicating an oxygen deficiency (cyanosis). Ebstein’s...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    How can atrioventricular canal defect (AVC) be treated?

    In early infancy, medications are prescribed to help the baby with atrioventricular canal defect cope with congestive heart failure. Those recommended often include medications that:
    • Improve heart function
    • Reduce blood volume by increasing urine output, including diuretics
    • Reduce the resistance
    ...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What are the complications of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

    One possible complication of untreated moderate or severe patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is irreversible damage to the blood vessels of the lungs as a result of prolonged high blood pressure. If the PDA remains untreated, this damage can lead to death, typically in the fourth or fifth decade of life....Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What surgical options are available to treat PDA?

    When neither medications nor minimally invasive treatment options are appropriate, surgical closure of the ductus arteriosus is an option. The procedure is performed through a surgical incision between the ribs in the side of the chest called a thoracotomy. The patent ductus arteriosus is then closed...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What are the complications of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) in infants?

    When a newborn has coarctation of the aorta (CoA), the condition tends to be more severe than when it occurs later in life. Without treatment, newborns deteriorate rapidly and can die. This rapid decline occurs because the aortic arch narrows significantly soon after birth when the ductus arteriosus, a blood vessel present...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    Is it ever appropriate to leave HLH syndrome untreated?

    For some families, it is. While there are surgical options for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLH) and early death is inevitable if the condition is not treated, HLH is so severe and the options for managing it over the long term currently have limited success. For these reasons, some families...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What is hypoplastic left heart syndrome?

    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLH) is a very serious congenital heart defect that can be fatal if it is not diagnosed and treated very soon after birth.
     
    In hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the heart’s main pumping chamber (the left ventricle) is underdeveloped and smaller than it should be, making it...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What is pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA/VSD)?

    Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (sometimes abbreviated PA/VSD) is a two-part abnormality that some babies are born with. First, there is a hole between the two lower chambers of the heart (the ventricles), and second, there is no direct blood vessel that connects the heart to the...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    Can PDA be treated with a minimally invasive procedure?

    Yes, in many cases doctors are able to close a patent ductus arteriosus using a catheter-based procedure. A doctor specially trained in pediatric interventional cardiology threads a slender, flexible tube called a catheter through an artery in the groin or the arm to reach the ductus arteriosus. A...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    How does atrioventricular canal defect affect the heart and lungs?

    Atrioventricular canal defect causes two holes in the heart walls, which allow blood from the left heart chambers to cross to the right heart chambers. Blood in the right heart travels to the lungs to pick up oxygen. The two holes allow an increased amount of blood to the lungs, causing them to become...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What causes aortic valve stenosis?

    Aortic stenosis can be caused by fusion of the flap-like parts, called leaflets, that make up the aortic valve. This valve allows oxygen-rich blood to exit the left side of the heart and reach the aorta. Most people have three leaflets in the aortic valve, which opens to allow the blood to flow out...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    How does coarctation of the aorta (CoA) lead to heart failure?

    In coarctation of the aorta, the curved portion of the aorta known as the arch is narrowed, causing increased blood pressure in the segment of the aorta just before the narrowing. This increase in blood pressure forces the heart chamber that pumps blood to the body (the left ventricle) to  work harder as it...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    How does left ventricular hypertrophy lead to heart failure?

    We think of exercising as a good thing, but if the left ventricle of your heart works out too much, the result is a condition called left ventricular hypertrophy in which the heart muscle has “bulked up” too much.

    The left ventricle is a major pumping chamber of the heart, and is responsible for pumping...Read More
  • SCAI
    SCAI answered:

    What role do intensive care nurses have in cardiac bypass surgery?

    If you are moved into the hospital's intensive care unit following bypass surgery, you will be cared for by intensive care (or critical care) nurses. These nurses have special training in caring for patients facing life-threatening problems, including cardiac and respiratory emergencies. They are...Read More
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