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Graves' Disease vs TED: Understand the Difference

These two autoimmune disorders have some overlapping symptoms. Learn more about the differences in this video.

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Transcript

00:00
Hey, Dr. Zhu. What's the difference between Graves' disease and thyroid eye disease? [MUSIC PLAYING]
00:09
Graves' disease and Thyroid Eye Disease, or TED, are both autoimmune disorders that can sometimes be misunderstood as the same condition.
00:18
However, it is important to note that there are differences between the two. Graves' disease is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid,
00:26
causing excessive release of the thyroid hormone, also known as hypothyroidism. It affects the thyroid, skin, and eyes.
00:36
Graves' disease can sometimes cause thyroid eye disease, which affects only the eyes and the eyelids.
00:42
Symptoms of Graves' disease may include unintended weight loss, muscle weakness, skin thickening or turning
00:49
red, heart palpitations, Graves' ophthalmopathy, or thyroid eye disease.
00:56
Symptoms of thyroid eye disease can include swelling of the eyelids, bulging of the eyes, chronic bloody eyes, excessively watery eyes.
01:06
Graves' disease can be caused by a variety of factors, including extreme emotional or physical stress, certain medications,
01:14
or a genetic predisposition. It is also four times as prevalent in females. As thyroid eye disease is a symptom of Graves' disease,
01:23
having Graves' puts you at risk for TED, but genetics plays a role as well. Various treatment options are available for both conditions,
01:30
ranging from medication to surgery. Both Graves' disease and thyroid eye disease
01:36
can also cause noticeable physical changes, which may lead to depression and changes in your emotional well-being.
01:43
As a result, psychotherapy could be included in your care. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, contact your health care provider to learn more.
01:52
Together, you can develop a treatment plan that works for you.

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