A Virtual Look at Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer affects close to 85 percent of Americans with lung cancer. In this video, Jennifer Caudle, MD, takes an in depth look at cancerous tumors in the lungs and the treatment.

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Transcript

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[MUSIC PLAYING] A cancer diagnosis can be terrifying. So it's no wonder why the simple mention of the word
00:06
can stop us in our tracks. About 1.8 million Americans are expected
00:13
to be diagnosed with cancer this year. And lung cancer will be the second most common type.
00:20
Lungs are spongy and porous organs within the chest, responsible for every breath we take.
00:27
But inside these lungs is non-small cell lung cancer, the type that affects close to 85% of Americans
00:34
with lung cancer. The mass of tissue we see here is a tumor, which forms when abnormal cells in the body
00:41
grow and divide uncontrollably. Tumors aren't always cancerous, but this one is, because not only does it invade
00:48
nearby areas of the lung, its cells can travel to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymph nodes,
00:55
causing cancer to metastasize, or spread, to organs like the brain or liver. To stop this, we must fight cancer
01:02
quickly and aggressively. And fortunately, we can. Chemoradiation therapy, or CRT for short,
01:10
combines the power of chemotherapy and radiation to attack cancer and prevent it from spreading.
01:16
Whereas radiation uses X-ray like beams to specifically target the tumor, chemotherapy travels through the bloodstream to all parts
01:24
of the body, destroying actively growing cells, some of which are cancer cells. But as effective as CRT is, it can severely
01:33
harm our own cells at the price of killing cancerous ones. Newer treatment options, such as immunotherapy,
01:39
can be used alone or with CRT to fight cancer by working with our immune system, the body's
01:45
defense against infections and invaders. Immunotherapy is a drug usually given
01:51
as a pill or an injection. As it travels throughout the body, immunotherapy can detect and attack cancer cells,
01:58
tag them for destruction, and even train the immune system to seek out and kill cancer. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with cancer,
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talk with your doctor about available treatment options, because every second in this fight with cancer matters. [MUSIC PLAYING]

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