What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are vascular cushions covered with the lining of the anal canal located in or around the anus. Hemorrhoids can be external, internal or a combination of both (interno-external). External hemorrhoids can be skin alone or skin with a vascular cushion underneath. Internal hemorrhoids are... Full Post
What causes diabetes?
Although the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, current theory suggests that an autoimmune process leads to destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Antibodies to beta cells are present in 75 percent of all type 1 diabetics, compared to 0.5 to 2 percent of non-... Full Post
What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are lumps of solid matter usually composed of calcium oxalate, uric acid, or other crystals. Approximately 1 in every 1,000 adults in the United States is hospitalized annually for kidney stones (renal calculi). Although kidney stones can be composed of different substances, more than... Full Post
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
Varicose veins may be without symptoms or may be associated with fatigue, aching discomfort, feelings of heaviness, or pain in the legs. Fluid retention (edema), discoloration, and ulceration of the skin may also develop. Hemorrhoids are also varicose veins.Full Post
What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?
Burning pain on urination; increased urinary frequency (especially at night); cloudy, foul-smelling, or dark urine; and lower abdominal pain are common symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI). The urine of someone with a UTI will show a significant number of bacteria and white blood cells.Full Post
What is a urinary tract infection?
A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria invade any part of the urinary tract, particularly the urethra or urinary bladder. Bladder infections, also called cystitis, are very common in women because of their anatomy. In fact, 10 to 20 percent of all women have urinary tract discomfort... Full Post
What is hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar. Normally, the body maintains blood sugar levels within a narrow range through the coordinated effort of several glands and their hormones. If these control mechanisms are disrupted, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) results. A few important causes of low blood sugar... Full Post
What are the symptoms of age-related macular degeneration?
Individuals with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) may experience blurred vision; see straight objects as distorted or bent; see a dark spot near or around the center of the visual field; and, while reading, may see parts of words missing. People with macular degeneration generally have good per... Full Post
What are the symptoms of herpes simplex?
In some people (mostly children) an initial HSV-1 infection may cause fever, painful swelling, and open sores on the gums and inside the cheeks, or a painful sore throat. When these herpes symptoms do develop, they usually begin two to twelve days after exposure to someone with HSV-1.
Symptoms of a... Full Post
What is herpes simplex?
Herpes simplex is a virus that is responsible for cold sores and genital herpes. There are two types of herpes simplex viruses: type 1 (HSV-1) is most often responsible for cold sores (also referred to as fever blisters), while type 2 (HSV-2) is responsible for nearly 90 percent of cases of genital... Full Post
What are the dietary recommendations for someone with food allergy?
An allergy elimination diet is valuable in identifying food allergies. In an allergy elimination diet, many commonly eaten foods are eliminated and replaced with either hypoallergenic foods and foods that are rarely eaten, or special hypoallergenic formulas. The fewer the allergenic foods eaten, the... Full Post
What are the dietary recommendations for someone with osteoarthritis?
Perhaps the most important dietary recommendation for individuals suffering from osteoarthritis (OA) is that they achieve normal body weight. Being overweight means increasing the stress on weight-bearing joints affected with OA. Beyond that, it is critical that the diet be rich in fruits and veg... Full Post
What are the symptoms of anxiety?
Anxiety is often accompanied by a variety of physical symptoms. The most common symptoms relate to the chest, such as heart palpitations (awareness of a more forceful or faster heartbeat), throbbing or stabbing pains, a feeling of tightness and inability to take in enough air, and a tendency to sigh... Full Post
What are the causes of glaucoma?
The cause of glaucoma appears to be an abnormality in the composition of the supportive structures of the eye. Specifically' structural changes reflecting poor collagen integrity and function are the hallmark features of glaucoma. These changes lead to blockage in the flow of the aqueous humour and... Full Post
What are the symptoms of obesity?
Obesity is divided into two categories based on how the fat is distributed in the body. Fat distributed primarily around the waist is referred to as male-pattern or android obesity, since it is typically seen in obese males. In android obesity, the waist is bigger around than the hips (apple-shaped).... Full Post