Since the cause of myasthenia gravis is unclear, it is not believed to be preventable at this time. What may be prevented, however, is the worsening of your symptoms. To deal with the muscle weakness of myasthenia gravis, take measures to conserve your energy as much as possible. You can accomplish this by taking rest breaks following periods of activity. If possible, avoid stress and extreme heat. Certain drugs-quinine, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, and certain antibiotics-should be avoided, as they can also worsen symptoms.
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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
General: Currently, there is no known method of preventing myasthenia gravis. However, people who develop the disorder can take steps to prevent complications or exacerbations of their conditions.
Avoiding extreme heat: Patients are encouraged to avoid extreme heat because it may worsen symptoms. Cold temperatures do not appear to have this effect.
Discussing medications with physician: Patients are encouraged to tell their doctors if they are taking any drugs (prescription or over-the-counter), herbs, or supplements. This is because some medications (e.g., quinine, aminoglycoside antibiotics, phenothiazines, methoxyflurane, calcium channel blockers, and beta blockers) may worsen symptoms of the disorder.
Proper rest and sleep: Patients are encouraged to get plenty of rest because fatigue may worsen symptoms.
Stress management: People are encouraged to manage stress because stress has been shown to worsen symptoms of myasthenia gravis. People may benefit from time management classes or relaxation or meditative therapies.
Preventing falls: Patients with myasthenia gravis have an increased risk of falling due to muscle weakness. This risk can be reduced by installing grab bars in the shower and near the toilet. A non-slip bath mat can be used in the shower or tub. Proper lighting is also recommended inside the home. Handrails and lights should be installed on the staircases of the home. Consider installing a ramp into the home if there are steps to the front door. Wear rubber-soled slippers that do not slip when walking around the home.
Health support: Patients are encouraged to take steps to prevent infections because symptoms may worsen when a patient is sick. Also, some medications used to treat myasthenia gravis, including immunosuppressants, may weaken the body's immune response, making the patient more susceptible to infections. Limiting contact with others who are sick, frequently washing the hands with soap and warm water, and eating a healthy diet are just some of the ways people can reduce their risks of becoming sick.
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