- weight gain
- mental fogginess or forgetfulness
- feeling cold
- dry skin
- fluid retention
- vague aches and pains
- joint or muscle stiffness
- excessive menstrual bleeding (in women)
2 AnswersAn underactive thyroid (known medically as hypothyroidism) is diagnosed when your body does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Your thyroid is a gland located at the base of your neck that helps to regulate your metabolism. An underactive thyroid may cause you to experience the following symptoms:
1 AnswerMarjorie Nolan Cohn, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Many of the main side effects of hypothyroidism are consistent with binge eaters such as, depression, fatigue, weight gain, weakness etc. If you are someone with a propensity for binging, the symptoms of hypothyroidism may very well be the reason why you are triggered to binge in the first place. This may especially be true for those women who are not yet diagnosed, and are unaware of why they are experiencing these symptoms or side effects of the disease.
The major central nervous system (CNS) areas in the regulation of appetite are the hypothalamus and brainstem. Evidence suggests that thyroid hormones may access specific regions of the hypothalamus that regulate appetite. It’s well established that the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis regulates body weight. Thyroid hormones are known to effect metabolic rate. Thyroid dysfunction can have clinically significant consequences on appetite and body weight. Hypothyroidism classically causes reduced basal energy expenditure with weight gain. And the disruption of normal hormonal balance may contribute to increased appetite or desire to eat.
The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis area in the brain has well-known effects on metabolism function, and newer research suggests it also has a role in the regulation of food intake. Evidence suggests that the HPT axis can directly influence food intake. Thyroid dysfunction can have significant consequences on appetite and therefore body weight. These effects were thought to be controlled by thyroid hormones. However, more recently, research of the thyroid hormone in the central nervous system (CNS) shows that it may actually play an important role in physiologically regulating appetite.
A physical exam is part of the normal protocol for treating a person with hypothyroidism, says integrative medicine expert Dr. Raphael d'Angelo. Learn what else happens during a doctor visit by watching this video.
If you're diagnosed with hypothyroidism, there are simple ways to deal with the symptoms, says integrative medicine expert Dr. Raphael d'Angelo. Watch the video to find out about easy changes you can make in your lifestyle if you have hypothyroidism.
2 AnswersMarjorie Nolan Cohn, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
There's no hypothyroidism diet. Although claims about hypothyroidism diets abound, there's no evidence that eating or avoiding certain foods will improve thyroid function in people with hypothyroidism. If you have hypothyroidism, take thyroid hormone replacement as directed by your doctor — generally on an empty stomach. It's also important to note that too much dietary fiber can impair the absorption of synthetic thyroid hormone. Certain foods, supplements and medications can have the same effect.
Mayo Clinic suggests to avoid taking your thyroid hormone at the same time as:
- Soybean flour
- Cottonseed meal
- Some ulcer medications, such as sucralfate (Carafate)
1 AnswerMehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredFollowing are some myths about hypothyroidism:
Myth: You can't lose weight if your thyroid is low.
Fact: Many people weigh about the same after treatment for hypothyroidism as they did before developing the condition. However, it's true that the fatigue people with low thyroid feel may keep them from exercising.
Myth: If your energy is low, you must have thyroid problems.
Fact: There are many reasons why your energy could be low. They may involve different systems (such as neurologic, immune, and endocrine) and organs and glands other than thyroid.
Myth: Thyroid problems are endocrine (hormonal) conditions, and have nothing to do with the immune system.
Fact: Actually, the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States is Hashimoto's disease, which is an autoimmune condition. That's why it's also called autoimmune thyroiditis. Thyroiditis means inflammation of the thyroid gland; in Hashimoto's, chronic inflammation damages the thyroid gland, which then produces less thyroid hormone than the body needs for normal functioning. If you have Hashimoto's disease, you may be more likely to develop another autoimmune disorder as well, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Addison's disease, or type 1 diabetes. If you have some other autoimmune disease, you are at higher risk for Hashimoto's as well.
Myth: Everyone with a thyroid problem should be treated with iodine.
Fact: If you originally had hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), your doctor may have given you a radioactive iodine treatment that resulted in an underactive thyroid; this is to be expected. An underactive thyroid requires thyroid hormone replacement therapy, not iodine.