Strict avoidance is the key to preventing a food allergic reaction. If you experience a food allergic reaction, depending upon the severity of your reaction, you might use an antihistamine (mild symptoms), Self-injectable Epinephrine (severe/anaphylaxis) according to your physician's guidance/recommendations.
A Answers (3)
Scott H. Sicherer, MD, Pediatric Allergy & Immunology, answered on behalf of The Mount Sinai Health SystemThe 2010 National guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy support the need to avoid an identified food allergen. That means you want to make sure you are avoiding the food to which you are allergic-and not unecessarily avoiding foods or avoiding the "wrong" food. Diagnosis is key. Talk to your primary care physician about having a consultation with a Board-Certified allergist. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, avoidance requires careful education (label reading, discussing allergy with restaurant personnel, etc), understanding how to recognize and treat allergic reactions (for example with self-injectable epinephrine). There are currently no simple "cures" but promising research is underway.
Jill Grimes, MD, Family Medicine, answeredThe mainstay of treatment for food allergy is prevention through avoidance of that food protein. There is no cure for food allergies, but you can use antihistamines and epinephrine to treat acute reactions.