There are, of course, many different kinds of depression. The ones people most commonly think of are major clinical depression (this is classified by depression lasting for more than two weeks with many of the symptoms outlined below) and situational depression that’s tied to an event, such as a life change or a holiday.
Now, the main biological character involved in all kinds of mood issues is the amygdala, a small almond-shaped part of the brain that processes all of the information you receive and attaches an emotion to it. The amygdala controls fear and anxiety and is really involved in both serious emotional issues and even our everyday mood swings.
The goal here isn’t to force the amygdala to be on its best behavior because 24 cousins are on their way to your house (you can’t do that anyway). The goal is to help you understand some signs of depression so that you can ease yourself into a better place.
If you have a significant increase in the following symptoms, experience many at one time or are having any thoughts about hurting yourself or someone else, it may be a sign that you do indeed need help:
- Sleep change
- Decreased interest in normal activities
- Feeling guilty
- Decreased energy
- Difficulty concentrating
- Change in appetite
Talk it out: Talking, whether it’s to a friend, a loved one or a professional, seems to be one of the most effective ways to improve mood. The reason: It’s possibly linked to the release of the community-building hormone oxytocin that provides a feel-good effect.
Sweat it out: You may not want to exercise after writing out 792 holiday cards, but you should. A walk or even a more intense sweat session will improve your mood thanks to the endorphins released during a workout.
Have a banana: This is a feel-good food as it helps to improve the effect of another feel-good hormone, serotonin.