Risks of bunion surgery include:
- Infection in the soft tissue or bone of the foot.
- Side effects from anesthetic medicines or other medicines used to control pain and swelling.
- Recurrence of the bunion.
- An outward or upward bend in the big toe.
- Decreased feeling or sensation, numbness or tingling or burning in the toe from damage to nerves.
- Damage to the tendons that pull the big toe up or down.
- A shorter big toe, if bone is removed.
- Restricted movement or stiffness of the big toe joint (may be an expected outcome of some types of surgery).
- Persistent pain and swelling.
- Degenerative joint disease (arthritis) or avascular necrosis (disruption of the blood supply to the bone) after surgery.
- Development of a callus on the bottom of the foot.
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