1 AnswerWilliam Li, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredThe types of cancer that are influenced by diet in terms of lowering risk include colon; breast; lung; prostate; cervical and ovarian cancers. Watch disease prevention specialist William Li, MD, explain how diet may lower the risk of some cancers.
1 AnswerWilliam Li, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredThere are some hard cheeses, including Swiss, Gouda and Jarlsberg, that can actually prevent cancer. In this video, disease prevention specialist William Li, MD, explains how these hard cheeses work to prevent cancer, and how much you should eat.
1 AnswerRobin Miller, MD, Integrative Medicine, answered
Consumer Reports found there are multiple screening tests like colonoscopies that are good for both men and women depending on their age. There are also some tests that are not recommended watch this video as Robin Miller, MD explains why.
Researchers are looking at keeping tumors dormant. In this video, Eric Genden, MD, an otolaryngologist at The Mount Sinai Medical Center, explains why doctors and cancer researchers are looking at the immune system in cancer prevention.
Because acrylamide forms naturally, you could be creating it in your own kitchen. Acrylamide is made with three building blocks: high heat, sugar, and protein (the latter two are found naturally in foods). The chemical starts forming at about 250 degrees Fahrenheit, which is above water’s boiling point (212 degrees), but lower than most toasters, which often get to 300 degrees or more.
Luckily, there are simple things you can do to minimize your acrylamide intake. Follow these three steps below:
- Prep your carbs before you cook. If you’re cooking potatoes, presoak them for 30 minutes in water. This helps slash acrylamide levels by up to 38%. Storing your potatoes in the fridge prior to cooking increases acrylamide when you bake them. Keep them in another cool place before you prepare them. If you’re a bread lover, cut off the crust, which contains the highest acrylamide content after toasting. If you bake your own bread, add some rosemary to dough prior to baking -- just 1 teaspoon can reduce acrylamide by up to 60%.
- Change how you cook carbs. The next time you roast potatoes, take them out of the oven when they’re golden yellow rather than crispy brown. If you want to avoid acrylamide altogether in your spuds, microwave, steam, or boil them. These cooking methods result in little or no acrylamide because the water keeps the temperature below the 250 degrees needed for an acrylamide reaction. As a general rule: Cook slower and at lower temperatures.
- Include cancer-fighting foods in your diet. While researchers aren’t aware of any food that gets rid of acrylamide in your body, cruciferous vegetables are known cancer-fighters. Stock up on broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. These veggies contain a "detoxifier" that deactivates cancer-causing chemicals and stops growth of existing cancer cells. Serve up this double-whammy of protection at least five times a week!
1 AnswerArugula is a cruciferous vegetable like cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. This leafy green contains two cancer fighters called kaempferol and quercetin that are released when you chew. One study found eating a cup and a half of leafy greens, like arugula, per day reduced the risk of lung cancer by 15% in nonsmokers. Aim for the same portion in your diet daily.
Try arugula raw or tossed with olive oil and lemon, or pile it on top of pasta. You can also try baby arugula, which is sweeter and nuttier in flavor. Remember to chew thoroughly to activate its disease-fighting enzymes!
1 AnswerGrown in the northern United States, dark grapes are known for their tart, musky flavor. Seeded wine grapes like the Concord variety have thick skin and a high concentration of polyphenols, including resveratrol, which has been shown to inhibit lymph, liver, stomach, and breast cancers. This powerful antioxidant is found mostly in the skin and seeds, so make sure to eat the entire grape.
Have up to 2 cups a week for maximum benefit. If you can’t find Concord grapes, make sure to choose red or purple types -- they contain significantly more resveratrol than their green counterparts.
For a fun way to eat these superfruits, freeze and add them to your drinks in lieu of ice cubes. For an added antioxidant bonus, pop them in a glass of grape juice, which is also a good source of resveratrol. Try for two 5-ounce glasses of grape juice a week.
For even more cancer-fighting benefits, indulge in a glass of red wine. This type of vino, especially pinot noir, has been proven to reduce the risk of renal, lung, and ovarian cancers when consumed in moderation a few times a week. Be sure to speak with your doctor before adding any alcohol to your diet.
1 AnswerBoth the skin and juice of this citrus fruit contain a natural flavonoid called hesperidin, a cancer-fighting powerhouse shown to help combat breast, colon, lung, and liver cancer.
To maximize its cancer-fighting benefits, aim for a half-cup of fresh lime juice a day. Avoid drinking undiluted juice to protect your teeth. Make your own drink by blending together three peeled limes with 2 cups of cold water.
You can also take advantage of the intense concentration of antioxidants in the fruit’s skin by zesting. Lime zest is perfect as a garnish on grain salads, a flavor-booster for drinks, or as a salt alternative when sprinkled on veggies.
1 AnswerA Turkish grain, bulgur wheat is a powerful superfood packed with cancer-fighters, including magnesium, zinc, and fiber. Research has shown that premenopausal women eating more than 30 grams of fiber per day cut their risk of breast cancer in half. Just 1 cup of cooked bulgur wheat supplies 8 grams of fiber -- one-third of your recommended daily dose.
Choose coarse bulgur wheat, which raises blood sugar more slowly than the finely ground variety. Use this grain as a replacement for rice and potatoes, add it to ground meats as an expander, or serve it as a side dish. To get the most flavor out of your bulgur, try toasting it in a dry, unoiled pan.
1 AnswerSimple lifestyle changes, including increased exercise, could potentially prevent a third of all common cancers, according to the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF).
"It is distressing that even in 2011, people are dying unnecessarily from cancers that could be prevented through maintaining a healthy weight, diet, physical activity, and other lifestyle factors," Martin Wiseman, a WCRF medical and scientific adviser, told Reuters news.
In a separate statement, the World Health Organization (WHO) said that lack of exercise is the main cause of 21%-25% of breast and colon cancers, 27% of diabetes, and 30% of heart disease all over the world.
WHO recommends a minimum of 150 minutes of exercise per week. That's five 30-minute workouts -- not much when you think about it.