Some dogs can smell cancer. In this video, Robin Miller, MD shares how dogs are being trained to detect ovarian cancer.
Find out as much as you can about your cancer. Research on the Internet for successful treatments, new treatments, and experimental treatments. Learn all you can about your condition so that you can ask the right questions during your doctor visits. Find out what other people with your cancer have tried successfully. Find out what you can do to support your medical treatment at home. Some of the information you find online may be difficult to interpret or may not apply to you, so be sure to print the information and talk to your doctor about what you find.
It is important for caregivers to take care of themselves as well as their loved ones with cancer. Here are a few tips to help:
A ganglioneuroblastoma is a tumor or abnormal tissue growth that is generated from nerve tissue. The name gives clues to where it occurs and what it affects. Ganglia are masses of nerve cells, "neuro" means nerve, and the term "blastoma" means a cancer that affects immature or developing cells.
The nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, and all the nerves that communicate with the rest of the body. The nervous system is used for thinking, feeling, moving, and other functions. Because this type of cancer forms on clusters of nerve cells, it may be found in almost any part of the body.
Sometimes the tumor grows slowly, other times it grows and spreads quickly. It is classified as an intermediate tumor for this reason. It is more severe than a benign tumor, which is typically less likely to spread and slow to grow, but less aggressive than a malignant tumor, which typically has rapid growth, is more likely to spread, and advances quickly. Therefore it can be localized or it may have metastasized (migrated from the area of origin to other parts of the brain or body).
The cells of a ganglioneuroblastoma have a dual feature. Some are immature and poorly differentiated, less distinct in form and function, and look dissimilar to the tissue from which they originated. Others are mature ganglion cells, specialized with distinct form and function, and look similar to the tissue from which they originated. Cell differentiation can indicate the likelihood of a tumor to remain localized or metastasize. Well-differentiated cells, those that look similar to the tissue from which they originated, are less likely to metastasize.
Some places where ganglioneuroblastomas may metastasize include bones, bone marrow, lymph nodes, the abdomen, the liver, the chest, and the serum (blood).
The cause is unknown, but age and genetics are thought to play a role.
Ganglioneuroblastoma is a rare tumor, with a majority of cases seen in young children up to four years old. It has an incidence rate of less than five cases per 1,000,000 children. This incidence rate is highest during the first year of life, and it is not more prevalent in one race than another.
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