Does Menopause Make You Gain Weight?

Menopause brings about many changes, but weight gain doesn't have to be one of them. Here's why.

Two middle-aged men and two middle-aged women raise glasses of white wine in a toast

Medically reviewed in February 2022

Everyone dreads the midlife spread, but is it inevitable? And is the weight gain due to menopause? 

"There's no strong data to show that weight gain is related to menopause," says Margery Gass, MD, executive director of the North American Menopause Society. "There are age-related weight changes that affect everyone, men and women." For example, a slowing metabolism makes it harder to lose weight, and women need to eat less and exercise more just to maintain their weight. Hormonal changes can make it difficult to stick to a healthy weight, but they don't cause weight gain, Gass says. 

Once you hit perimenopause, the good, lean muscle mass with the faster metabolic rate is depleted, says Christiane Northrup, OBGYN and author of The Wisdom of Menopause. "Everything changes. That's why you could be the same weight as in high school, but the fat replaces the muscle and takes up more room and weighs less," she explains. 

The maxim "use it or lose it" is especially applicable when it comes to muscle tone. "Get your diet in order and start to move more and it will put you in good shape—literally and figuratively—to ward off excessive weight gain when you reach menopause," Northrup says. 

One strategy is to incorporate exercise and activity into your lifestyle by doing simple things such as taking the stairs more often and walking more. "A strict regimen isn't necessary," Gass says.

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