What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Depression?

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A classically we see that major depressive disorder which is not just being in a funk or being in a low mood is two weeks or more of persistent symptoms where a person has low mood, but in addition to the low mood has certain key associated symptoms. So they have thoughts of suicide, perhaps, or feelings of worthlessness, feelings of guilt, loss of interest in things they used to find pleasurable, feelings of not wanting to get out of bed, low energy, their appetite may be increased, their appetite might be decreased, they may gain weight, they may loose weight, they may loose interest in sex, and you might also find that there are some slowing so that when they are talking to you, there are effects which is the sort of the subjective countence, seems little restricted.

So you may crack a joke, and they are not smiling, they are not laughing. So a constellation if you see five out of these nine symptoms for at least a two week period in addition to a low mood, you may want to think about major depressive disorder as a diagnosis. So, if somebody came into me and said that I've been depressed, first thing I'd say is, okay, what you feeling, and how long have you been feeling for?

If somebody says it's only been a day or a week, I wouldn't make too much of it, I would say, Ok, I'm going to keep an eye on you, but to make the diagnosis, sometimes people have major depressive episodes if left untreated could last for months, but you need at least a two week period of constellation of these symptoms to be able to diagnose somebody.