What Is Thyroid Cancer?

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Thyroid cancer is in-extremely treatable and curable cancer. There are different types of thyroid cancer, there is papillary which is the most common 80% of all thyroid cancers are papillary cancers. They usually respond after surgery to radio active iodine and have an excellent prognosis.

A smaller percentage of thyroid cancers are follicular cancers and follicular cancers tend to spread in the blood where as papillaries tends to spread well lympatic through lymphatic channels. And then more uncommonly is anaplastic cancer which does not have as good a prognosis as papillary and follicular cancer.

It's rare to have any type of symptoms from thyroid cancer, usually it's picked up in a lump in the neck. Who is at risk for thyroid cancer? Well most people who have thyroid cancer it occurs between the ages of 20 and 55 and women are 2-3 times more likely to have thyroid cancer than men, why? Well there are some that are looking into risk factors based on estrogen exposure, however, there is no direct co-relate to that, but there is research being done about that.

If you've been exposed to radiation, for instance people who've been exposed to radiation used to radiate people for thymus persistent thymus, for acne even tuberculosis, Hodgkin's disease. People who had mantle radiation, they're at increased risk for the development of thyroid cancer and need to be screened.

You need to tell your physician that you have been exposed to radiation and that your doctor should know about that. Also there are forms of thyroid cancer that are genetic, that can run in families, there are different types of cancer such as medullary cancer of the thyroid, and if you find that you have a family member with thyroid cancer you should bring that to the attention of your physician, particularly if they're young in onset and if it runs in more than one family member.