What Do We Understand Today About Genomics?

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Part of what's happening these days, we start with Mendel and we understand that genetics can pass on and then Darwin talks about how species evolve and then Watson and Crick figure out how this code is written in four letters of DNA. What's been happening over the next few decades is we've learned the various letters or the various ways in which this can be expressed.

So it can be expressed at the basic nucleic acid sequence which is genomics or it can be expressed in the instruments that genetic code makes to execute stuff, which is proteomics, or it can be expressed in how the systems in your body work as a whole. How your metabolism work, which is metabolomics.

And now what we're beginning to understand is entire environments and when you understand entire environments, some very strange things happen. We begin to understand that our bodies are symbiotes. There's about 100 times more non-human cells in our body than there are human cells.

And those bodies are actually essential, those bodies are what allow us to close wounds. Part of the reason why diabetics have more trouble closing wounds is because their skin is a little sweeter so the same bacteria doesn't cauterize it. We begin to understand that phono on this hand is completely different from the phono on this hand.

We begin to understand that our stomachs have 167 times more genes than there are human genes in our body, and that those genes affect what happens when I eat a hamburger, because I look at a hamburger I get fat and you look at and you can eat five of them and nothing happens.

And we all have friends who eat like tapeworms, nothing happens and slowly we're beginning to understand that that's probably the effect of these microbiome. So as you understand these different languages, as you understand these different levels, it begins to be like playing a five dimensional chess game where different things are happening at different levels, all of them coding life.