William Lee Dubois

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  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How often should I check my blood glucose levels?

    Well…. you’ve got ten fingers, right?
    OK, relax. I was just teasing. The real answer is never less than two times. That’s because you need to test in pairs (thanks to diabetes educator William Polonsky for coining this term). One test tells you nothing because it has no context. Testing in pairs...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    What should people with diabetes eat when their blood sugar level is low?

    To make it easy to remember, we call it the Rule of 15. Eat/drink 15 carbs and wait the longest 15 minutes of your life to re-test your blood sugar. (Hey, low blood sugar is scary stuff.) It is not necessary to be back to your target blood sugar in 15 minutes, just moving in the right direction.

    ...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    What are the different types of diabetes?

    In a nutshell, diabetes is a variety of conditions that make it hard for your body to deal with sugar. There are four types of diabetes. In the medical world we define them as:

    • Type 1 diabetes - an autoimmune disorder, in which the body’s immune system attacks and kills off the insulin-p
    ...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How can diabetes affect my eyes?

    Diabetes-related damage to the retina is called retinopathy, and it can lead to blindness. High blood sugar is the leading cause of eye trouble for people with diabetes, but even if your blood sugar is perfect, you need to have your eyes checked every year. If trouble is detected early, there...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    What is gestational diabetes?

    If you are a man this won’t happen to you. Gestational diabetes is often viewed as a “temporary” diabetes that strikes some pregnant women. Actually it’ll hit more than 4% of pregnant women—over 135,000 American women last year—and the rate is rising.

    But I’m here to share a secret. It really...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How common is type 2 diabetes?

    Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common kind of diabetes in the world, and it is growing at near epidemic rates. Many experts argue that it is already an epidemic.

    Recent data from the American Diabetes Association (guaranteed to be out of date by the time you read this) estimates that 8% of the population...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    What should my total cholesterol level be?

    Your goal -- the ideal cholesterol numbers -- are a bit of a moving target, but current medical guidelines call for total cholesterol of under 200. Good cholesterol (HDL) should be above 40 for men and above 50 for women. Bad cholesterol (LDL) needs to be as close to 70 as possible. Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How do I know if I have diabetes?

    OK, so the most common kind diabetes is sneaky. It creeps up on you like a thief in the night. Actually, it’s slower, so maybe I should say it stalks you like a wolf in the dark. It can take years. But you can’t feel diabetes developing because diabetes has no symptoms.

    But once your diabetes is advanced enough to make your blood sugar very

    ...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    Why are women with diabetes pre-disposed to recurrent yeast infections?

    For yeast to be happy and grow it likes dark, moist places with lots of food. For yeast, food is sugar. So if you are a diabetic female with high blood sugars there is a part of your body that is a perfect yeast incubator. You know, down there…. umm... between your legs.


    The good news here is that simply being

    ...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How can I quit smoking?

    Nicotine gum and patches, as well as other medications, can help. But in reality, it's not the body that gives us the hard time when it comes to kicking the habit. It only takes a couple of days for your body to free itself from nicotine. It's the old habits that die hard. A drink just isn't...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    What is type 1 diabetes?

    Type 1 diabetes (T-1) is an autoimmune disorder. The body’s immune system attacks and kills off the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas (the small ugly-looking organ that hides behind your stomach and causes so much trouble for all us D-folk).

    T-1 used to be called “Juvenile Diabetes”...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How is diabetes treated?

    Diabetes isn’t the problem; it's high blood sugar that's the killer. High sugar turns your blood into battery acid that can rob you of sight, kidneys, limbs, and ultimately of life itself. So all treatments have the goal of reducing blood sugar so that it won’t harm you.

    There are three categories

    ...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How common is depression in people with diabetes?

    The majority of people who have diabetes take anti-depressants. Depression is just part of the disease that needs to be treated along with blood sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, and all the rest of it. Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How do I use an insulin pen?

    To use an insulin pen to inject your insulin:

    First, screw the space capsule onto the insulin pen.

    Once it is on, pull the milky white plastic part off.

    Now you’ll see a pencil lead-like piece of plastic. It might be white, it might be purple, depending on the brand and size of the needle. That’s...Read More
  • William Lee Dubois - Las Vegas, NM - Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
    William Lee Dubois answered:

    How do high blood sugar levels harm people with diabetes?

    When the bloodstream becomes flooded with sugar that can’t get into the cells that need it, a cascade of trouble follows.

    At first, high blood sugar levels sap your energy, make your vision blurry, and mess with your mood and concentration. You will be more susceptible to infection, to heart attacks and...Read More