How do medications treat vulvovaginitis?

Dr. Kevin W. Windom, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

The most common medications for vaginal infections are creams. These are either antifungal or antibacterial creams. These medications are used to suppress the growth of the fungus or the bacteria and help rid the body of the infection. These medications also have additives that will help treat vaginal itching and vaginal burning and can make the treatment more pleasant.

Medication can be very effective in treating symptoms of vulvovaginitis. The most common medications prescribed are antibacterial or antifungal drugs. These can come in the form of topical creams or ointments, and can even be taken orally. If the cause of vulvovaginitis is an allergic reaction to soap chemicals, sprays, or condom or other contraceptive materials, antihistamines can be taken. Antihistamines treat allergy symptoms such as pain, congestion, or swelling. Cortisone creams may be used for severe symptoms. If the cause of a vulvovaginitis infection is an estrogen deficiency in women who are past menopause, they can be given estrogen creams as treatment. Ask your doctor what is appropriate for your condition.

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