What causes bacterial vulvovaginitis?

Bacterial vulvovaginitis is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria. The vagina normally houses many different forms of bacteria, but for unknown reasons, the bacteria Lactobacillus sp. can be replaced by abnormally high amounts of the bacteria Prevotella sp. and Mobiluncus sp. (anaerobic bacteria), as well as G. vaginalis, Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma, and others. Although the exact cause of this microbiological exchange is mysterious, cases of bacterial vulvovaginitis have been associated with female douching, multiple sex partners, or a new sexual partner.

Continue Learning about Vulvovaginitis Risk Factors

What increases my risk for vulvovaginitis?
Dr. Bonnie Lynn Wright, PhDDr. Bonnie Lynn Wright, PhD
Occasionally, vulvovaginitis, inflammation of the female genital area and vagina, can be caused by a...
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What role do hormones play in vaginal infections?
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Hormones do play a role in vaginal infections. Any decrease in estrogen leads to thinning of the vag...
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Are vaginal infections always caused by bacteria or yeast?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Vaginal infections are not always caused by bacteria or yeast. There is something called "noninfecti...
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Does the type of clothing I wear contribute to vaginal infections?
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