What causes bacterial vulvovaginitis?

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Bacterial vulvovaginitis is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria. The vagina normally houses many different forms of bacteria, but for unknown reasons, the bacteria Lactobacillus sp. can be replaced by abnormally high amounts of the bacteria Prevotella sp. and Mobiluncus sp. (anaerobic bacteria), as well as G. vaginalis, Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma, and others. Although the exact cause of this microbiological exchange is mysterious, cases of bacterial vulvovaginitis have been associated with female douching, multiple sex partners, or a new sexual partner.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.