What is the role of water-soluble vitamins in the body?

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Dariush Mozaffarian, MD
Internal Medicine
Although water-soluble vitamins have many tasks in the body, one of the most important is helping to free the energy found in the food you eat. Several B vitamins are key components of certain coenzymes (molecules that aid enzymes) that help release that energy. Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, and biotin engage in energy production. Vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid metabolize amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) and help cells multiply. One of many roles played by vitamin C is to help make collagen, which knits together wounds, supports blood vessel walls, and forms a base for teeth and bones.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.