What is VKDB and how can it be prevented in newborns?

Advertisement
Advertisement
Coleen  Boyle, PhD, MS
Public Health & General Preventive Medicine
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a serious, but preventable bleeding disorder that can cause bleeding in the brain. A dose of vitamin K at birth prevents VKDB. In the United States, a vitamin K injection at birth has been a standard practice since it was first recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1961.The late form of VKDB can develop in infants two weeks to 6 months of age who did not receive the vitamin K injection at birth and do not have enough vitamin K-dependent proteins in their bodies to allow normal blood clotting. Untreated, this can cause bleeding in the brain, which may lead to neurological problems and can even be fatal.

The presence of the CDC logo and CDC content on this page should not be construed to imply endorsement by the US Government of any commercial products or services, or to replace the advice of a medical professional. The mark “CDC” is licensed under authority of the PHS.

Continue Learning about Vitamin K

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.