How does nicotinamide treat pellagra?

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Pellagra is a vitamin deficiency disease caused by a lack of vitamin B3, also known as niacin or nicotinic acid. Nicotonamide is a form of vitamin B3 that has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat this vitamin deficiency. Pellegra may result from poor diet, tumors, chronic alcoholism, Hartnup disease, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, pregnancy (multiples), cirrhosis or breastfeeding. Pellagra has symptoms that can include dementia, diarrhea, skin disease and depression.

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