What are visual impairments?

The visual spectrum ranges from partially visually-impaired to completely blind. Partially impaired encompasses the designation legally blind. Legally blind ranges from someone who removes his or her glasses and can make out shapes and facial features, to someone who is blind and has no light perception.

Visual impairments include any condition that causes alterations to your normal vision. A visual impairment can be as simple as nearsightedness or as serious as macular degeneration. Cataracts, myopia, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma are other forms of visual impairments.

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Visual Impairments

Optical issues with the eye are quite common, possibly because we started as cavemen who did not have to read tiny letters on a computer screen as you may be doing right now. Conditions that may be corrected with optics include as...

tigmatism, near and far sightedness and some forms of visual field distortion. Some eyes have trouble seeing color the way other's do. This is called color blindness, and is more common in men. As we age there are common diseases and concerns including cataracts and glaucoma. Having diabetes can make you more likely to develop retinopathy, when blood vessels in the retina break and leak into the eye. Some conditions may lead to partial or total blindness. Legal blindness is a legal term more than a medical one, but meeting the standard for legal blindness can qualify you for special help.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.