Do I need a Pap test if I have had human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine?

Riverside Women's Health

Yes. There are three reasons why:

The vaccine does not protect against all HPV types that cause cancer. Women who don't get all the vaccine doses (or at the right time) might not be fully protected. Women may not fully benefit from the vaccine if they got it after getting one or more of the four HPV types.

This answer is based on source information from the National Women's Health Information Center.