Viral Lung Infections

Viral Lung Infections

Viral Lung Infections
Viral lung infections include acute bronchitis, viral pneumonia, bronchiolitis, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). These viral lung infections usually begin as a respiratory virus that spreads to the lungs. Chest pain, chronic coughing, fever and fatigue are common with bronchitis. This infection cannot be treated with antibiotics. Viral pneumonia presents with a host of symptoms including coughing, fatigue, fever, aches and pains, and GI symptoms. While antibiotics are not indicated for pneumonia, some antiviral medications can help. Infants can develop both bronchiolitis and RSV at a young age, causing coughing and wheezing.

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    For upper respiratory infections, such as sore throats, ear infections, sinus infections, colds and bronchitis, try the following:
    • get plenty of rest
    • drink plenty of fluids
    • use a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer
    • avoid smoking, second-hand smoke, and other pollutants (airborne chemicals or irritants)
    • take acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen to relieve pain or fever (do not give aspirin to a child)
    For children and adults, over-the-counter pain relievers, decongestants and saline nasal sprays may help relieve some symptoms. Remember, always use over-the-counter products as directed. Many over-the-counter products are not recommended for children younger than certain ages.
    Over-the-counter medicines may help relieve symptoms such as runny nose, congestion, fever and aches, but they do not shorten the length of time you or your child is sick.

    The presence of the CDC logo and CDC content on this page should not be construed to imply endorsement by the US Government of any commercial products or services, or to replace the advice of a medical professional. The mark “CDC” is licensed under authority of the PHS.
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    A , Pediatrics, answered

    RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) season will soon be upon us, a season that typically spans from late fall to early spring. This can, indeed, be a busy time for infants and young children with RSV, with kiddos presenting to doctors' offices and emergency rooms across the country with fever, cough, and difficulty breathing. Children often end up hospitalized because they have difficulty clearing secretions, maintaining good oxygen levels, and drinking enough to remain hydrated.

    The virus spreads from person to person like the common cold, by nose or mouth secretions transmitted through the air or on surfaces. Symptoms usually start a few days after exposure, with the illness usually lasting a couple of weeks at the most. RSV can be most problematic in the very young and very old, and in any patient with heart or lung disease or with a poor immune system.

    RSV spread may be curtailed by the common-sense approach often used whenever faced with the common cold. Always try to cover a sneeze or cough with a sleeve or tissue, and wash hands frequently. Clean surfaces which may be contaminated, and try not to share items like utensils or glasses. Unfortunately, there is no antibiotic for RSV or vaccine to prevent it. But, for infants born significantly premature or children less than 2 years of age with heart or lung disease, there is a monthly shot that can be given by your doctor during RSV season to potentially prevent infection.

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    RSV stands for Respiratory Syncytial Virus. It is a type of cold virus that is easy to catch and infects most babies under the age of 2 years. Antibiotics will not help RSV because antibiotics kill bacteria, not viruses. RSV virus is most common in the fall, winter and spring. .

    RSV in older children and adults causes a cold. It can cause a more severe illness in babies less than 2 years of age. RSV usually begins with cold-like symptoms. It can then progress to wheezing, fast breathing, coughing and fever.

    Mild cases can be treated at home. Sometimes your baby may need to stay in the hospital. Your baby’s pediatrician will talk with you about specific care for your baby.
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    Opsoclonus myoclonus is a rare neurological disorder characterized by an unsteady, trembling gait, myoclonus (brief, shock-like muscle spasms), and opsoclonus (irregular, rapid eye movements). Other symptoms may include difficulty speaking, poorly articulated speech, or an inability to speak. A decrease in muscle tone, lethargy, irritability, and malaise (a vague feeling of bodily discomfort) may also be present. Opsoclonus myoclonus may occur in association with tumors or viral infections. It is often seen in children with tumors.

    This answer is based on source information from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

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    The medications available to treat the symptoms of a viral infection can help alleviate discomfort, but some people can not take these due to age or some pre-existing condition. For instance, it is not recommended that an infant receive cough and cold medicine. Therefore other means must be sought to reduce the baby's discomfort. Nasal congestion can be relieved with a vaporizer, nasal suctioning, or a simple saline nasal spray.

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    A viral lung infection is a disorder caused by a small germ that destroys or changes healthy cells when it multiplies. People with viral lung infections - often children - generally pick them up by touching someone else who is infected with a virus or touching something the infected person touched. In some cases, people with viral lung infections might breathe in infectious material when near someone who has the virus. There are several types of viral lung infections. Some of the most common include pneumonia and bronciolitis, which cause coughing, mucus, and cold symptoms. People with viral infections may be prescribed antiviral medications and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, like aspirin, to reduce their fevers. Although viral lung infections are quite common, they can become serious.

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    People get viral lung infections when they are exposed to other sick people. You can get the disease by touching or breathing germs. If you touch someone who has a cold or another viral infection and that person's secretions get into your body, you'll likely be infected. Viruses change the cells that they inhabit as they multiply, making you sick. Often, a viral lung infection will begin as a cold and move into the lower respiratory tract, which includes the lungs

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    Common symptoms of viral lung infections include cough, fever, and the presence of mucus in the lungs. Especially in children, wheezing and trouble breathing are common symptoms of some viral lung infections. In addition, you should remember that viral lung infections are often preceded by a cold and that children who have lung infections might have ear infections at the same time.

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    Viruses, or germs that take over healthy cells for reproduction purposes, cause viral lung infections. First, a lung infection virus enters your body through some opening, like a hole in your skin or the eyes or mouth. Next, the virus will penetrate your healthy lung cells to create more virus cells. This is what makes you sick. Generally, this will cause your once-healthy cells to die. In most cases, you can prevent viruses from affecting your body in this way by washing your hands often and staying away from people who are sick.

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    Viral lung infection is a contagious disease. This means you can get viral lung infections from others who have the disease. For this reason, your risk of getting viral lung infections is increased when you're around sick people, those who have viral lung infections and upper respiratory infections, like colds. You're even more at risk if you touch an infected person or get very close to a person with the disease. Finally, not taking care to wash your hands can put you at serious risk of getting a viral lung infection. When you wash your hands, you can get rid of germs that you may have contracted from touching someone or something infected with a viral lung infection.