If I'm pregnant, how can I reduce my risk of getting Cytomegalovirus?

Pregnant women may want to take steps to reduce their risk of exposure to CMV and so reduce the risk of CMV infection of their fetus.

Here are a few simple steps you can take to avoid exposure to saliva and urine that might contain CMV:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 15-20 seconds, especially after changing diapers, feeding a young child, wiping a young child’s nose or drool and handling children’s toys.
  • Do not share food, drinks or eating utensils used by young children 
  • Do not put a child’s pacifier in your mouth
  • Do not share a toothbrush with a young child
  • Avoid contact with saliva when kissing a child
  • Clean toys, countertops and other surfaces that come into contact with children’s urine or saliva


Continue Learning about Viral Infections

What is a virus?
Viruses are tiny organisms that cause infection by getting into a person's or animal's cells and mul...
More Answers
What are the possible ways for transmission of viral infection?
Louis RosnerLouis Rosner
Viral infections can be divided into three groups: Those transmitted by insects such as mosquitoes, ...
More Answers
What are viruses?
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MDDr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Much smaller than bacteria, viruses are not independent organisms; they need one of your body's cell...
More Answers
How do I manage my yellow fever on a daily basis?
Diana MeeksDiana Meeks
If you have a flu-like illness following travel to an area where yellow fever is known to occur, see...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.