What causes vascular disease?

Syed M. Peeran, MD
Vascular Surgery
Vascular disease is caused by a number of factors. In this video, vascular surgeon Syed Peeran, MD from Portsmouth Regional Hospital discusses some of the factors you can control to reduce your risk.
Matthew R. Reynolds, DO
Vascular Surgery
Matthew Reynolds, DO from Largo Medical Center lists some causes of vascular disease in this video. Watch to learn more.
Eddy Luh, MD, FACS from Southern Hills Hospital & Medical Center, explains the causes of vascular disease in this video. 
Vascular disease can be caused by a number of factors including obesity and genetics. In this video, Thomas Beadle, MD of Methodist Specialty and Transplant Hospital, explains how risk factors can cause varying types of vascular disease.
James J. Otto Jr., MD
Vascular Surgery
In this video, James Otto, MD, vascular surgeon at Citrus Memorial Hospital, describes the causes of vascular disease, including smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and genetics. 
Causes of vascular disease (a condition that affects the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels) include:
  • Atherosclerosis -- Atherosclerosis (a build-up of plaque, which is a deposit of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium, and fibrin in the inner lining of an artery) is the most common cause of vascular disease. Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive, vascular disease that may start as early as childhood. However, the disease has the potential to progress rapidly. It is generally characterized by the accumulation of fatty deposits along the innermost layer of the arteries. If the disease process progresses, plaque formation may take place. This thickening narrows the arteries and can decrease blood flow or completely block the flow of blood to organs and other body tissues and structures.
  • Embolus/thrombus -- A blood vessel may be blocked by a thrombus (a blood clot) or an embolus (typically a thrombus that moves through the bloodstream).
  • Inflammation -- In general, inflammation of blood vessels is referred to as vasculitis, which includes a range of disorders. Inflammation may lead to narrowing and/or blockage of blood vessels.
  • Trauma/injury -- Trauma or injury involving the blood vessels may lead to inflammation or infection, which can damage the blood vessels and lead to narrowing and/or blockage.

Continue Learning about Vascular Disease

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.