What are the symptoms of varicose veins?

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Michelle Kosovec, MD
Vascular Surgery
Varicose veins may cause pain. Other symptoms of varicose veins include:
  • leg aching
  • leg swelling that can’t otherwise be explained
  • skin discoloration
  • ulcers
If varicose vein symptoms are affecting your lifestyle significantly, make an appointment with a doctor to be diagnosed and treated.

Trinity Health is a Catholic health care organization that acts in accordance with the Catholic tradition and does not condone or support all practices covered in this site. In case of emergency call 911. This site is educational and not a substitute for professional medical advice, always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider. 
Anup K. Singh, MD
Diagnostic Radiology
Symptoms of varicose veins could be heaviness, pain, heat and discomfort when standing or sitting for long periods, says Anup Singh, MD, of Good Samaritan Hospital. Watch this video to learn more.
John Morris, DO
Vascular Surgery
Symptoms of varicose veins include pain, described as an aching or cramping in the legs. Other common symptoms include tiredness, restlessness, burning, throbbing, tingling or heaviness in the legs. Pain from these veins is usually relieved by elevating the legs or by wearing support hose.

In women, symptoms may be worse during certain parts of the menstrual cycle or during pregnancy. Less common is swelling, ulcers and a darkening of the skin, especially in the ankle region. Occasionally, varicose veins can form a painful blood clot with inflammation of the vein, a condition called thrombophlebitis.

Trinity Health is a Catholic health care organization that acts in accordance with the Catholic tradition and does not condone or support all practices covered in this site. In case of emergency call 911. This site is educational and not a substitute for professional medical advice, always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider.
Cheryl Hoffman, MD
Vascular & Interventional Radiology
Symptoms of varicose veins most often include aching, heavy legs (most often at night or after exercise) and swelling. Minor injuries to areas affected by venous disease may bleed more than normal or take longer to heal. Skin over the area may become dry, itchy and thin, leading to eczema. The skin in the area may also darken, which is called stasis dermatitis. The skin above the ankle may shrink, and the fat underneath the skin will become atrophic and hard. Venous stasis ulcers may occur. Restless legs syndrome appears to be a common overlapping condition in patients with varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency.
Gabriel P. Lasala, MD
Interventional Cardiology
Symptoms of varicose veins include dark blue or purple veins, or veins that bulge and look cord-like. Other symptoms often include burning, night cramps, swelling or redness that can be confused for cellulitis, ulcers or a feeling of "heavy legs."
UCLA Health
Administration

Nearly one in every two adults 50 years or older develops varicose veins, which usually appear as swollen, twisted clumps of blue or purple blood vessels near the surface of the skin in the legs or pelvis. Common symptoms include leg swelling, muscle cramps, soreness, tiredness and aching in the legs, itchiness around the vein, skin discoloration and ulcers.

Piedmont Heart Institute
Administration
Some common symptoms of varicose veins include:
  • Aching pain
  • Easily tired legs
  • Leg heaviness
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Darkening of the skin (in severe cases)
  • Numbness in the legs
  • Itching or irritated rash in the legs
This answer is based on source information from The National Women's Health Information Center.
Varicose veins may be asymptomatic and only a cosmetic concern. They can also cause symptoms; most commonly a tired, dull achy feeling in the affected leg. This pain is worse when the person is standing and relieved by putting the feet up. Occasionally, the varicose veins can itch. There can also be associated swelling.

Varicose veins are dark, bulging, twisted veins that usually appear on the back of the calf, on the inside of the leg, or in the groin. Varicose veins can become very uncomfortable, causing swelling as well as painful aching, throbbing, or cramping in the feet and legs.

Dr. Michael Roizen, MD
Internal Medicine

Symptoms of varicose veins usually appear before the age of 40 and might include:

- Swollen, twisted clusters of purple or blue veins
- Swollen legs
- Muscle cramps, soreness, or aching in the legs
- Soreness behind the knee
- Itching around the vein
- Leg muscles that tire easily
- Brown discoloration of the skin
- Ulcers

Michael T. Murray, ND
Naturopathic Medicine

Varicose veins may be without symptoms or may be associated with fatigue, aching discomfort, feelings of heaviness, or pain in the legs. Fluid retention (edema), discoloration, and ulceration of the skin may also develop. Hemorrhoids are also varicose veins.

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Continue Learning about Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

Large twisted blue or purplish veins visible at the skins surface are known as varicose veins. Any vein in your body can become varicose but it usually occurs in the legs and feet due to the pressure the lower body endures to keep ...

your body upright. It is caused by the weakening of the valves and veins in your legs. Varicose veins are usually hereditary. We are also more prone to get varicose veins as we age. Symptoms include itching, burning, throbbing or cramping in the legs and around the veins. Self-care measures such as exercising, elevating your legs, and wearing compression stockings are used to ease the pain and prevent varicose veins from getting worse. If these measures dont work, see your doctor to discuss medical treatments that are available to close or remove varicose veins.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.