Can uterine fibroids be prevented?

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Dr. John C. Lipman, MD
Vascular & Interventional Radiologist

No. No one knows what causes fibroids, and therefore, fibroids cannot be prevented. It is possible to decrease your risk for developing fibroids by eating right, exercising and maintaining a normal body weight. Women who weigh less than 120 lbs are at particularly low risk for fibroid development, but for each 10kg (22lb) weight gain, there is a 21 percent increased risk for developing fibroids. Certain "anti-estrogenic" foods called flavonoids can also help lower your risk for fibroids. Flavonoids are found in fresh fruit and vegetables (as well as chocolate and red wine) and block an important enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis.

Dr. Rafael J. Perez, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

Uterine fibroids cannot be prevented. However, a healthy lifestyle and stress-reduction techniques helps in managing them. Also, limit the amount of estrogen intake (this includes limiting the use of birth control pills, hormone replacement drugs, spermicides and pesticides).

Dr. Jennifer L. Ashton, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

A new study has shown that higher blood levels of vitamin D can work to prevent the development and growth of fibroids. In this video, OBGYN Jennifer Ashton, MD, discusses the positive benefits of taking vitamin D regularly and how much to take.

Because so little is known about the cause of uterine fibroids, there's not really much that can be done to prevent them. Fortunately, many women with uterine fibroids don't experience any symptoms, and many don't require treatment. Even if treatment is necessary, there may be ways to reduce your symptoms without undergoing surgery.

Continue Learning about Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids

If you have uterine fibroids, you may never even notice that they are there. Ranging from the size of a small seed to grapefruit-sized, fibroids are tumors on the uterus that rarely cause harm. Some women have true discomfort with ...

fibroids, including pain in the abdomen or low back, or pain during sex. Sometimes, uterine fibroids can cause miscarriage, preterm labor, or even lead to infertility. Women in their 40s and 50s, women of African-American descent and women that are overweight are at higher risk of developing fibroids, although an estimated 20-80% of women will have them at some point before they turn 50. If your doctor notices fibroids during an ultrasound or pelvic exam, he or she may want to treat them with medication or surgery.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.