What causes gross total urinary incontinence?

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Jill Rabin
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)

Total incontinence may be caused by the following:

• A bladder fistula. If a hole exists in the walls between the bladder and
  the vagina, for example, urine can leak from the bladder into the vagina
  and exit the body from the vagina. This is one type of fistula. There are
  many, and they are classified according to location.

• An injury to the urethra. The urethra can be injured as a result of an
  accident or surgery.

• An ectopic ureter. An ectopic ureter occurs when the ureters enter the
  bladder too close to the urethra or when the ureters empty directly into
  the urethra or the vagina, resulting in urine leakage.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.