How is urinary incontinence treated after prostate cancer treatment?

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There are many treatments available for urinary incontinence following therapy. Initially, conservative measures are implemented: behavior modification, timed voiding, or pelvic floor exercises. Behavior modification involves the identification of incontinence trigger (common triggers include excessive fluid intake, alcohol consumption, caffeine, or spicy foods). The goal is to reduce exposure to trigger and thus improve symptoms. Similarly if a trigger, such as exercise, is about to be encountered, periodic urination can reduce the likelihood of urine leakage, since incontinence is less likely with an empty bladder. Pelvic floor exercises, i.e. Kegel, can strengthen the sphincter and promote earlier return of continence. Although initial success may be achieved with these exercises, it is key to continue them in order to maintain continence.
Surgical therapies are also available, such as an artificial urinary sphincter or sling, but should be delayed to 6-12 months following therapy as incontinence generally improves in the first year following treatment. 

The treatment of incontinence following prostate surgery depends on the duration of the problem and the severity of the leakage. Pelvic floor exercises and physical therapy are used for mild incontinence. Surgical reconstruction with male urethral slings and artificial urinary sphincter implants are utilized for more severe cases. Penile clamps are used by some who wish to avoid further surgery.