How is urethral cancer diagnosed?

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To accurately diagnose urethral cancer, a pathologist must analyze a selection of tissue samples (each called a biopsy) from the urethra and possibly surrounding organs. A digital rectal exam may also be conducted for a more thorough check of the area, and women may undergo a pelvic exam. Laboratory tests are then conducted on tissue samples, blood samples, and urine samples to further diagnose the disease. A urinalysis exam tests different components of the urine sample, including the proteins, sugars, and signs of infection in a person's white blood cells. If all signs point to urethral cancer, doctors will typically perform a cystoscopy. This procedure allows them to insert a thin tube into a person's urethra and bladder to check for signs of abnormal cell growth. After all this, the pathologist will analyze tissue samples under a microscope.

Continue Learning about Urethral Cancer

Urethral Cancer

A rare disease, urethral cancer can spread quickly throughout the body if not caught early.Affecting women more than men, this cancer causes cells in the lining of the urethra to grow abnormally. The urethra is responsible for car...

rying urine from the bladder to outside our bodies. Although there are three types of urethral cancer, the most common type is squamous cell carcinoma. This type of carcinoma typically develops near the bladder in women. The closer the cancer is to the bladder, the more difficult it is to treat and cure. Urethral cancer is often asymptomatic in the beginning. However, see your doctor right away if you notice blood in your urine, need to urinate often, feel pain when you urinate or have recurrent urinary tract infections.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.