How common are undescended testicles in male babies?

One of the most common conditions that the pediatric urologist deals with is the undescended testicle. Originally forming in the retroperitoneum (the back part of the abdomen) and then descending to the inguinal canal and then into the scrotum, the undescended testicle occurs in nearly 3 percent of all children born. A good portion of these children will have the testis descend into the scrotum within the first year of life.

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Undescended Testis

Cryptorchidism, or undescended testis, is a fairly common occurrence in which one or both of the testicles has not moved into the scrotum upon birth. This condition happens in about 4% of baby boys and often corrects itself after ...

a few months. Premature babies have a higher rate of cryptorchidism than full-term pregnancies. Surgery can be used to correct the condition in boys whose testicles have not descended after a few months.

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