What causes refractory ulcers?

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Several factors may lead to an ulcer becoming refractory. Generally, people experience refractory ulcers because they did not take their medication properly, used alcohol or tobacco, took nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin and the like) for a prolonged period of time, or developed a resistant strain of bacteria. In some rare cases, cancer, increased stomach acid, Crohn's disease, and infections other than the type that generally cause the disorder are responsible for refectory ulcers.

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Ulcers

Ulcers

Ulcers are caused by too much acid in the stomach, and the reasons for excess acid is usually a bacterial infection or prolonged use of NSAID painkillers like aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen. Smoking can also be a culprit. Ulcers ...

cause pain, most often when the stomach is empty or at night. The pain can in the chest, as low as the navel, or as high as the breastbone. Modern treatment is with medicine to kill bacterial infection and to block, suppress, or neutralize excess acid.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.