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What is plyometric training?

Plyometric training is a type of exercise training that focuses on improving how quickly muscles produce force.  Success in most functional activities depends on how fast muscle force is generated.  Therefore, to improve function and performance, we must teach our body how to generate force quickly.  A progressive exercise program that incorporates plyometric training allows us to do this.  This type of training involves powerful muscular contractions in response to a rapid stretching or loading of the muscles being used.  As our muscles stretch, they store potential elastic energy, similar to when a rubber band is stretched.  Once they shorten, or unload, the stored potential energy is turned into kinetic energy, which creates movement.  The faster we become at stretching and shortening, or loading and unloading our muscles, the more quickly we can generate force, and the more powerful we will be.  Many plyometric exercises for the lower body involve jumping, whereas upper body plyometric exercises involve the use of medicine balls or explosive bodyweight movements.  There are different levels of plyometric exercises that can be used in an exercise program based on the desired goals and abilities of the exerciser.  Caution should be taken when incorporating plyometric training into an exercise program due to their intense nature.  It is easy to do too much too soon, which could potentially lead to injury.      

Plyometric training is method of training muscle elastic strength. Ploymetrics is a mixture of intensity, speed and strength to develop explosive power to enhance athletic performance.

Plyometric training is mainly short, explosive, actions that improve reaction increasing strength, power, speed, quickness, agility and weight-loss if performed quickly in circuits.

Think bouncing ball when jumping, ball hits ground (jumping down) it swells (contracted air-thigh muscles contract) due to impact weight and pressure forces ball to regain shape (stretches back-thigh muscles stretch) creating explosive force to bounce back (jumping up).  Same idea for push-ups with clap.

Beginners must progressively integrate this form of training to reduce injury and intermediate to advanced may enhance with bands, tubing or medicine-balls for added resistance.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.