What are active range of motion (ROM) exercises for the shoulder and elbow?


Perform the following exercises by standing or sitting with your arms straight and at your sides. Have your palms facing your body.

  • Shoulder movement: up and down. Raise your right arm forward and upward over your head. Try to raise it so that your inner arm touches your ear. Bring your arm back down to your side. Bring it back as far as possible behind your body. Return your arm to the starting position.


  • Shoulder movement: side to side. Raise your arm to the side and upward over your head. Return your arm to your side. Bring your arm across the front of your body toward your left shoulder.


  • Shoulder rotation. Raise your shoulders up toward your ears, as if you were trying to shrug. Drop them down again and relax your shoulders. Pull your shoulders back, then relax them again. Rotate (move) your shoulders forward, down, back and then up in one smooth circle. Next, move your shoulders in reverse, moving them up, back, down, forward and up again in a circle.


  • Elbow bends. With your palm facing forward, bend your right elbow. Bring your fingertips forward and try to touch your right shoulder. Return your arm to the starting position.

Continue Learning about Types Of Exercise

Types Of Exercise

Types Of Exercise

Exercise provides many health benefits - from fitness to increased physical and mental energy. In order to prepare yourself for a exercise routine, you need to research which exercise is right for you and how to fit a new exercise ...

e program into your daily schedule.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.