What is the treatment for severe brain injury?

People with severe head injuries require monitoring to determine if the brain has swollen and intracranial pressure (pressure inside the skull) is increased, as this can lead to brain damage. Neurologists use a technique called intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring to measure the level of pressure within a patient's skull. Surgeons may remove part of the skull to alleviate the pressure on the brain and prevent further swelling. This procedure is called a decompressive craniectomy. Neurologists may also use cooling technologies that monitor the temperature of the brain and body to prevent fever, which can develop in patients suffering from brain injury. Ongoing care for brain trauma patients may include rehabilitation and medications to address neurological and physical changes resulting from the injury.

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