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What kind of rehabilitation do people with brain and spinal injury need?

Physical, occupational, and speech therapy are important parts of the long-term recovery process for people with brain and spinal injuries. Rehabilitation focuses on preventing muscle wasting and contracture, helping patients retrain certain muscles to make up for the loss of others, and improving communication in patients who have lost some ability to speak and gesture.

Rehabilitation of the patient with a brain injury begins during the acute treatment phase and becomes more comprehensive as the patient's condition improves. Depending on the region of the brain that is damaged, people who have suffered a severe brain injury may lose some part of muscle, speech, vision, hearing, and taste, and may also experience long- or short-term changes in personality or behavior. Rehabilitation specialists work with patients to recover from or compensate for these losses, and can help patients and their families focus on maximizing the patient's capabilities at home and in their community.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.