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How does hydroxocobalamin treat pernicious anemia?

Hydroxocobalamin is a form of vitamin B12, an essential water-soluble vitamin that the body needs in order to maintain healthy nerve and red blood cells. It also is used in the production of DNA. Vitamin B12 binds with a substance in the stomach called intrinsic factor. When there is not enough intrinsic factor in the stomach to bind with the vitamin B12 found in foods, the body is unable to absorb enough B12. Intramuscular injections are then needed to supplement the body's supply of vitamin B12. People with pernicious anemia often need hydroxocobalamin supplements through their lifetime.

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