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How are temporomandibular disorders (TMD) diagnosed?

Dante A. Gonzales, DMD
Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms may initially be noticed by your dentist, orthodontist or other dental specialists. If your symptoms are serious, you may be referred to an oral surgeon or an orofacial pain specialist.

Diagnosis is an important step before treatment. Your dentist will check the joints and muscles for tenderness, clicking, popping or difficulty moving. Your complete medical history may be reviewed, so it’s important to keep your dental office records up-to-date. Your dentist may take x-rays and may make a "cast" of your teeth to see how the upper and lower teeth fit together. Your dentist may also request specialized x-rays for the TM joints. Depending on the diagnosis, the dentist may refer you to a physician or another dentist.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.