What are the treatment options for recurrent thyroid cancer?

Stephanie Smooke-Praw, MD
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
Treatment options for recurrent thyroid cancer include additional surgery, use of radioactive iodine and in some cases, chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The choice of further treatment often hinges on the location of the recurrent disease. Diseased lymph nodes in the neck are usually removed surgically. Disease outside the neck is often treated with radioactive iodine, external beam radiation, chemotherapy, or combination treatments.

Treatment of recurrent thyroid cancer may include the following:

Surgery with or without radioactive iodine therapy Radioactive iodine therapy when the cancer can be found only by a thyroid scan and cannot be felt during a physical exam External radiation therapy or intra operative radiation therapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life Chemotherapy A clinical trial of a targeted therapy

This answer is based on source information from National Cancer Institute.

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