How do medications treat anaplastic thyroid cancer?

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is most often treated with surgery, but surgery by itself does not cure the disease. After surgery to remove the thyroid, thyroid hormone medications are administered to replace the hormones your thyroid produced and help to prevent cancer cells from growing. Most people will also be given radioactive iodine to make sure all thyroid tissue is completely gone, as well as any cancer cells that may have been left behind. Other follow-up treatments include a combination of chemotherapy, which is a drug therapy that kills cancer cells, and radiation therapy, a beam of radiation that is pointed at precise places on the neck.

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