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What is primary thyroid lymphoma?

Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare type of thyroid cancer. It arises from special blood cells called lymphocytes. PTL accounts for 1 to 5% of all thyroid cancers, 1 to 2% of all lymphomas outside of lymph nodes, and has an annual incidence of 2 cases per one million people. There are several different kinds of lymphoma, but the vast majority of patients are diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Determining the exact type of the lymphoma is important for treatment choice and prognosis. 
Lymphoma is a disease in which lymphocytes (i.e. blood cells that fight infection) turn into cancer cells. In thyroid lymphoma, the lymphocytes of the thyroid turn into cancer cells. Thyroid lymphoma is a very rare disease that accounts for 1 to 2% of all thyroid cancers and 1 to 2% of all lymphomas outside the lymph nodes. Most patients are older with an average age in the late 60's. If properly diagnosed and treated, the prognosis is very good.

Continue Learning about Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer

When cancer invades the thyroid gland, it interferes with our body's ability to make hormones that control our heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight.Although there are 4 types of thyroid cancer, the most common i...

s papillary (PA-pih-LAYR-ee) thyroid cancer. A slow forming disease, papillary thyroid cancer typically strikes between the ages of 30 and 50, and affects women more than men. You are at greater risk of developing this disease if you have a personal or family history of goiters, have been exposed to high levels of radiation in the past, or certain genetic endocrine diseases. See your doctor if you notice a lump in your neck, feel hoarse or have trouble breathing or swallowing. This may be a sign cancer has affected your thyroid, which is located at the base of the throat near your windpipe. Early detection and treatment make this one of the least deadly cancers in the U.S.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.