Throat Cancer

Throat Cancer

Caused when malignant cells affect the lining of the throat, larynx and tonsils, throat cancers commonly cause ear pain, painful swallowing and hoarseness. The throat, or pharynx, and our larynx, which houses our vocal cords, are so close together that they are often grouped together as throat cancers. When throat cancer is caught early, cancerous tumors can be removed with specialized surgical tools that can scrape them off. Quit smoking today to reduce your risk for developing throat cancer. More severe cases of throat cancers require the complete or partial removal of the larynx, throat or affected lymph nodes. Alcohol abuse, poor dental hygiene and exposure to asbestos also increase your risk for developing a throat cancer.

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    A Ear, Nose & Throat (Otolaryngology), answered on behalf of
    What should I ask my doctor if I'm diagnosed with throat cancer?

    Ask your doctor what the cause of your throat cancer is and what the options for treatment are. In this video, Eric Genden, MD, an otolaryngologist at The Mount Sinai Medical Center, offers his suggestions for what you should ask your doctor.


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    A Ear, Nose & Throat (Otolaryngology), answered on behalf of
    What can I expect after robotic surgery for throat cancer?

    After surgery for throat cancer, the tumor is analyzed for its aggressiveness. In this video, Eric Genden, MD, chairman of the department of otolaryngology at The Mount Sinai Medical Center, explains the results determine treatment.


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    A Ear, Nose & Throat (Otolaryngology), answered on behalf of
    What is the recovery time for robotic surgery for throat cancer?

    Robotic surgery has reduced the recovery time for throat surgery from 14 days down to just a few. In this video, Eric Genden, MD, chairman of the department of otolaryngology at The Mount Sinai Medical Center, discusses surgery options, talks about the change.


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    A Ear, Nose & Throat (Otolaryngology), answered on behalf of
    What are surgical options for throat cancer?

    Surgery for throat cancer is now often performed with minimally invasive surgery, using a laser and a robot. In this video, Eric Genden, MD, chairman of the department of otolaryngology at The Mount Sinai Medical Center, discusses surgery options.


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    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a key risk factor for oropharyngeal cancers (affecting the part of the throat just behind the mouth). According to the American Cancer Society, the number of oropharyngeal cancers linked to HPV rose dramatically over the past several decades, and HPV DNA can be found in about two out of three oropharyngeal cancers. HPV is found in a much smaller fraction of oral cavity cancers. Those affected tend to be younger and less likely to use cigarettes or abuse alcohol.
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    A Ear, Nose & Throat (Otolaryngology), answered on behalf of

    People who have a persistent sore throat or enlarged lymphnodes should be examined. Getting screened is quick and painless. Doctors place a very thin, flexible telescope, the size of a piece of spaghetti, with a miniature camera on its tip, into the nose to examine the throat structures, including the vocal cords.

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    There are numerous research studies focusing on throat cancer. One area of research involves the body's immune system and how it reacts to cancer cells. Understanding this relationship will help to identify new treatments. Cancer researchers are also developing new screening methods, including a blood test to determine whether a tumor has returned or is in remission. Another topic of study is treatment options for more advanced stages of cancer. The research examines quality of life concerns and how best to address them.

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    A variety of clinical trials are being conducted for people with throat cancer who wish to participate. Research studies test new treatments that are not available outside of the experiment. Various aspects of throat cancer are being researched. New drugs, new drug combinations, and new therapies are subjects of clinical trials. Other research focuses on decreasing side effects of current therapies and new treatments for stopping tobacco use.

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    After an initial visit to your family doctor, you will most likely see a number of specialists during throat cancer treatment. An otolaryngologist or ENT specialist treats problems that occur in the ears, nose, and throat. A medical oncologist specializes in cancer care and may coordinate all aspects of your treatment. A prosthodontist is a dentist who may perform reconstructive surgery after cancer treatment. Physical therapists, speech therapists, dietary specialists, and social workers may also play a role in your throat cancer treatment.

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    The doctor will most likely ask questions about your medical history, perform an examination, and order additional tests if necessary. It is a good idea to prepare for your appointment in advance. Write down any questions you have. Also write down any information you think the doctor should know about your general health or specific symptoms. This includes all medications or vitamins you currently take. Bring someone with you who can help to remember information, since there will be a lot to cover.