What is the prognosis for recovery from a stroke?

The long-term effects of a stroke depend largely on how long the stroke lasted and what parts of the brain were injured.

There can be lasting damage to a person's speech, senses, motor skills, thought processes and behavior.

About 10 percent survive without any lasting effects. About 25 percent will have minor impairments, while about 40 percent will have moderate-to-severe impairments. About 10 percent will need to live in a nursing home or long-term care facility for the rest of their lives.

Recovery after a stroke depends on how well healthy areas of the brain take over duties that had been performed by the damaged brain tissue. To some extent, especially in children and young adults, recovery is possible because of the brain's ability to compensate for damage in one area by working harder in another -- by relying on alternate wiring for some functions or by rewiring around the injured site. In some cases, rehabilitation techniques can also help the brain recover function.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.