What causes pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Many different types of germs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Bacteria (a type of germ) can move up from a woman's vagina, infecting her tubes, ovaries, and womb.

Germs found in two common sexually transmitted infections (STIs)—gonorrhea and chlamydia—are most often the cause of PID. After a person is infected, it can take from a few days to a few months to turn into PID.

It is rare, but you can get PID without having an STI. No one is sure why, but normal bacteria found in the vagina and on the cervix can sometimes cause PID.

This answer is based on source information from the National Women's Health Information Center.

Continue Learning about STDs

Which sexually transmitted infections can lesbian women get?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections are:-ChlamydiaMost women have no symptoms. Women with sy...
More Answers
Which health problems can result from untreated chlamydia?
Riverside Health SystemRiverside Health System
Like the disease itself, the damage chlamydia causes is often "silent." For women, untreated chlamy...
More Answers
What are the statistics of sexually transmitted infection (STI) in U.S?
Angela LoweryAngela Lowery
The current statistics of sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. are, 19 million new STI infect...
More Answers
How does chlamydia affect newborns?
A small percentage of pregnant females are infected with chlamydia. In pregnant females, untreated c...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.