How is chlamydia treated?

If you test positive for chlamydia, your infection can be cured with antibiotics. Depending on several factors, your healthcare professional may prescribe azithromycin, in which case you will take only a single dose of a few pills, or you may be prescribed doxycycline, which requires one pill twice a day for seven days. The most common side effects are upset stomach, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

If you are pregnant and infected with chlamydia, you still can be treated without harming the fetus. However, doxycycline is not recommended during pregnancy. The recommended regimen for pregnant females is azithromycin pills taken in a single dose. As with any antibiotic treatment, it is important that you take all your pills.

In some cases, people infected with chlamydia are also infected with gonorrhea. Therefore, testing for gonorrhea is often done at the same time as testing for chlamydia. If a person tests positive for both infections, additional treatment is necessary.

Chlamydia is usually treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria that cause the infection. Most antibiotics are taken by mouth, either in one dose (like azithromycin) or with a week's worth of pills (like doxycycline, levofloxacin or erythromycin). Because people with chlamydia are more likely to also be infected with gonorrhea, people with chlamydia may also be treated with ceftriaxone, which is an antibiotic that kills gonorrhea bacteria. Any sexual partners should also be treated for chlamydia at the same time, and you should avoid sexual contact until the infection is gone (usually a week or two).

Antibiotics are used to treat chlamydia. If treated, chlamydia can be cured.

All sex partners should be treated to keep from getting chlamydia again. Do not have sex until you and your sex partner(s) have ended treatment.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant! Your doctor can give you an antibiotic that is commonly used during pregnancy.

This answer is based upon information from the National Women's Health Information Center.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.