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Do vaginal contraceptives containing nonoxynol-9 help prevent STDs?

Over-the-counter vaginal contraceptives that contain the spermicide nonoxynol-9 include a warning label from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) stating that vaginal contraceptives containing nonoxynol-9 do not protect against infection from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

The FDA's warning also advises consumers that the use of vaginal contraceptives containing nonoxynol-9 can increase vaginal irritation, which may increase the possibility of transmitting HIV and other STDs from infected partners. If you decide to use a spermicide along with a condom, it is preferable to use spermicide in the vagina according to manufacturer's instructions.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.