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What are the treatment options for stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma?

Treatment options for stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma include surgical and non-surgical procedures. Since stage 1 tumors are usually small, doctors often use a procedure called curettage and electrodessication, which involves scraping off the top layers of skin and then burning the base of the tumor with an electric needle. Another common method is simple excision, which involves surgically removing the tumor and a small amount of surrounding tissue. If stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma forms in areas that have very thin or sensitive skin, a procedure called Mohs surgery may be used. This method involves removing the tumor layer by layer and testing each layer for cancer, which helps preserve as much tissue as possible. In other cases, doctors may recommend cryosurgery (freezing the tumor) or laser therapy (burning the tumor). If the tumor is still shallow, doctors may treat stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma with topical chemotherapy, which involves applying strong drugs to the affected skin. Talk to your doctor to determine the best treatment method for you.

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