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Who is a candidate for spine surgery?

One of the major reasons people consider spine surgery is pain—in the back, buttock or leg—or weakness in the leg. Spinal surgery is a last resort that is considered if these issues do not improve after physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications and modified activities. If the pain doesn’t go away after six weeks up to six months, then spine surgery may be appropriate and indicated.

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Dr. Don Y. Park, MD
Orthopedic Surgeon

Not all people with spinal problems will be helped by spine surgery. Oftentimes spinal surgery is not the best option for people's symptoms. But there are times where surgery is indicated and will be a very good option. Using state-of-the-art technology with excellent surgical techniques can help improve accuracy and help improve outcomes by reducing the surgical risks.

Spine surgery can successfully address the following problems:

  • cervical disc herniation
  • cervical stenosis
  • lumbar disc herniation
  • lumbar stenosis
  • lumbar spondylolisthesis
Dr. Luke Macyszyn, MD
Neurosurgeon

The most common candidates for spine surgery are those who have pain that spreads (or radiates) down the arms or legs. Such pain may be the result of a herniated disk or degenerative disease that causes nerve or spinal cord compression. Sometimes, the pain is due to a benign (noncancerous) tumor. Before spine surgery is considered, you must have already thoroughly tried conservative measures such as physical therapy, nonsteroidal pain medication, injections and massage. Frequently, these treatments relieve symptoms and surgery is not required. You doctor may say you are a candidate for spine surgery if your pain continues despite these interventions or if you have signs of muscle weakness.

Dr. Gerald M. Silverman
Chiropractic Medicine Specialist

The most important factor in predicating a favorable surgical outcome is making sure you are the right patient for the procedure. Spinal surgery is most effective for people who have no neck or back pain but have constant radiating pain into an extremity. Surgery is never a reasonable treatment option for neck or back pain if you do not have radiating symptoms. You should wait to consider surgery until the extremity pain becomes almost unbearable or you have a noticeable loss of function. Fortunately, recent advances in arthroscopic surgery make this a safer and more effective option than it was a few years ago.

Your Miraculous Back: A Step-By-Step Guide to Relieving Neck & Back Pain

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.